In contemporary India, the socialisation of administrators in the family, the university and the organisation tends to make them psychopathic. The public bureaucracy provides support to the ruling class, politically as well as economically: its expansion helps to create effective demand for durable consumer goods produced by the monopoly and oligopoly sector. The bureaucratisation of education results in universities which are hollow shells, without the kernel of scholarship. They only help to maintain and legitimise the existing order, not to induce change. Industrial organisations also do not support research and development; they deepen national dependency. Bureaucratisation mainly fulfils private interests through the exploitation of the vast majority.
According to Encyclopedia of Britannica "Bureaucracy is a body of professional, full time officials employed in the civil affairs of a state in non-political capacity".
In Indian context bureaucracy, who emphasized on maintenance of law and order and generation of revenue has failed to fulfill developmental functions.
It has generally been criticized as an authoritarian organization which emphasized on monopolization of power. It has also been criticized for its elitist background. It has been assumed that members of bureaucracy who are urbane in outlook cannot sympathize with problems of rural people.
. Indian bureaucracy has also been criticized for its lack of commitment to developmental needs and programs. While development calls for progressiveness and dynamism on the part of bureaucracy, bureaucracy always took shelter under conservative neutrality.
The first concrete effort to study the bureaucracy in a systematic manner was made by Max Weber, a German sociologist who was known father of “ideal type” of bureaucracy.
Weber mentioned three main features of bureaucracy i.e. Division of Labour and Specialization, Legal Frame Work, Principle of Hierarchy. But Max Weber’s model of bureaucracy which is highly rational and technical is not suitable to explain the administrative system and their working in developing countries who are engaged in new task of rural development
The present bureaucracy in these less developed nations has emerged from the British colonial system. After attaining political independence the scope of functions of government and bureaucracy have undergone a fundamental change
it has been observed that the ability of bureaucratic system to carry out planned programme of socioeconomic development has been limited, partly due to lack of commitment to the ultimate goals of society and partly due to its inability to mobilize enough public support for development programmes .