Not long ago, personnel managers were often assigned the “people functions” in an organization because they did not have the talents to work in production, finance, marketing or other important areas. The ability to get along with people was considered as the major qualification for appointing a person as a personnel executive. Companies often staffed the HR department with managers who did not have professional training or college education.
However, Human Resource Management - HRM functions now occupy a much more important position in most organizations. Many universities, colleges and business schools offer a variety of HRM courses. Slowly but surely, HRM is emerging as a profession. Let us now discuss how HRM fares as a profession in fulfilling the following criteria.
HRM now has well-defined principles, concepts, theories and practices. There has been a tremendous increase in the knowledge about HRM in recent years. An HR manager cannot perform his job effectively without proficiency in these concepts and principles.
Several schools of thought and institutes of management have emerged to provide formalized education and training to the aspirants in HRM. For instance, the National Institute of Personnel Management (NIPM) at Kolkata is one such institute with several regional councils and a large number of members. It endeavors to promote professionalism amongst its members.