1. Most individuals believe in their personal growth. Even today, training and development, promotion to the next higher position dominates the organization philosophy.
2. Majority of the people are desirous of making greater contributions to the organizations they are serving. Achievements of organizational goals are however, subject to limitations or environmental constraints. It is for the organizations to tap the skills that are available in abundance.
This leads to adopt the following organization strategy for development:
• Ask questions to resolve doubts.
• Listen to superior’s advice.
• Support employees in their venture.
• Accept challenge.
• Leaders to encourage creativity and promote risk taking.
• Give additional responsibility to subordinates.
• Set high standards of quality.
• Empower employees.
Initiate suitable reward system that should be compatible, if not more than the industry norms.
a) One of the most important factors in the organization is the ‘work group’ around whom the organization functions. This includes the peer group and the leader (boss)
b) More people prefer to be part of the group because the group accepts them.
Most people are capable of making higher contributions to the group’s effectiveness.
Following strategy is required to be adopted for group development based on the above assumptions:
a) Invest in training and development of the group. Money and time spent on this is an investment for the organization. Leaders should also invest in development of skills and thus help create a position organizational climate.
b) Let the team flourish. Teams are the best approach to get the work done. Apart from the above, teams enjoy emotional and job satisfaction when they work in groups.
c) Leaders should adopt team leadership style and not autocratic leadership style. To do this, jobs should be allotted to the team and not to the individualIt is not possible for one individual (leader) to perform both, the leadership and maintenance functions. It is therefore necessary for team members to assist leader in performance of his duties.
d ) Group should be trained in conflict management, stress management, group decision-making, collaboration, and effective interpersonal communication. This will improve organizational effectiveness. Empowerment is the corner stone of the successful organizations.
e) Leaders should pay particular attention to the feelings of the employees. It should be understood that suppressed feeling and attitudes adversely affect problem-solving, personal growth and job satisfaction.
f) Development of group cohesiveness.
a) Create learning organization culture.
b) Adopt win-win strategy for sustained growth.
c) Create cooperative dynamics rather than competitive organizational dynamics in the organization.
d) Needs and aspirations of the employees in the organization must be met. This leads to greater participation of the employees. Organizations should adopt developmental outlook and seek opportunities in which people can experience personal and professional growth.
e) Such orientation creates a self-fulfilling prophecy. People must be treated with due respect and considered important. The credit of success must be given to the employees unconditionally.
f) Promote organizational citizenship.
g) It is possible to create organizations that are humane, democratic and empowering on one hand and high performing in terms of productivity, quality of output, profitability, and growth on the other. It is the responsibility of every entrepreneur to ensure that the needs of the society are met.