29 March 2014

managerial leadership

Three aspects
LEADERSHIP-The idea or concept of leadership
LEADERS-the desired characteristics of effective leaders
LEADING-the successful practice of Leadership.

Leadership be Definitions of Leadership:
Dean Acheson “The successful resolution of problems”
Harry Truman “ Persuading people to do what they should have done
                          in the first place”
Tacitus           “ Reason and calm judgment “
Napoleon        “ Dealing in hope”
John Harvey Jones “Getting extraordinary performance out ordinary people gins and ends with Human Beings- their Aspirations.
Leadership is the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward achievement of group goals.

QUALITIES OF A LEADER


  1. Personal Integrity 
  2. Willingness to accept responsibility
  3. Understanding People
  4. Communication
  5. Selflessness
  6. Confidence
  7. Intuition
  8. Vision
  9. Ability to make decisions
  10. Ability to simplify situations.

Leadership Perceptions
1.YOU MUST BE PERCEIVED AS ONE OF THEM
2.YOU MUST BE PERCEIVED AS MOST OF THEM
3.YOU MUST BE PERCEIVED AS BEST OF THEM.

LEADERSHIP STYLES
AUTHORATIVE
 2. DEMOCRATIC
 3. LAISSEZ FAIRE
 4. BUREAUCRATIC
 5. MANIPULATIVE
 6. EXPERT
 7. SITUATIONAL


LEADERSHIP THEORIES
1.TRAITS theory of leadership
2.Leadership BEHAVIOUR theories
(a)    The Michigan Studies
(b)   The Ohio State Leadership Studies

CONTIGENCY Theories of Leadership
a)Tannenhaun & Schmidt’s Leadership Pattern
(b)Fiedler’s Contingency Theory
© Fiedler.s  Cognitive Resource Theory
(d)Path-Goal Theory of Leadership
(e)Hershey & Blanchard’s Situational Leadership
(f)Leader-Member Exchange Theory
4.Other APPROACHES TO Leadership
(a)    Likert’s System Four

(b)   The Managerial Grid.