RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION

Today the biggest challenge for any organization is to attract right kind of people and to retain them for a longer period of time. The cost of wrong hiring is too high and has multiple implications on the organization. Recruitment is the process of identifying that the organisation needs to employ someone up to the point at which application forms for the post have arrived at the organisation. Selection then consists of the processes involved in choosing from applicants a suitable candidate to fill a post. Recruiting individuals to fill particular posts within a business can be done either internally by recruitment within the firm, or externally by recruiting people from outside. The recruitment and selection process is the center of the human resources department for any company. It is the most effective way to staff the company with qualified professionals for every available job. A human resources specialist must be able to apply all these techniques as well as be trained in dispute resolution, keeping employee morale high and answering a wide variety of questions. Some companies hire a separate recruitment firm to bring in the best employees for their businesses. Aptitude tests are sometimes administered to prospective employees to determine the applicants abilities. More specific testing, such as that for computer literacy and mathematical abilities, can also help employers find an appropriate candidate. The Wonderlic Cognitive Ability Test is often used to test the prospective employees’ aptitude for learning and problem solving. All tests should be fair and accurately determine an applicant’s abilities.All information on the resume and cover letter must be checked for accuracy. Employees may have access to sensitive information so their resumes must be vetted before they can be considered for employment. An applicant who lies on a resume, cover letter or application will be immediately denied the opportunity for employment. Some companies prefer using a formal interview process while others favour an informal process. Most businesses require applicants to be interviewed by someone in the human resources department and their immediate supervisor. The human resources interview usually covers the basics to ensure that the applicant really is qualified for the position. In order to maintain business performance and competitive advantage, organisations competing in a global marketplace must recruit the best people they can. For such organisations, recruitment and selection becomes a key component of their overall business strategy.