Brand positioning is defined as the conceptual place you want to own in the target consumer's mind — the benefits you want them to think of when they think of your brand. An effective brand positioning strategy will maximize customer relevancy and competitive distinctiveness, in maximizing brand value.
1. Positioning by product attributes and benefits:It is to associate a product with an attribute, a product feature, or a consumer feature. Sometimes a product can be positioned in terms of two or more attributes simultaneously. The price/quality attribute dimension is commonly used for positioning the products.
A common approach is setting the brand apart from competitors on the basis of the specific characteristics or benefits offered. Sometimes a product may be positioned on more than one product benefit. Marketers attempt to identify salient attributes (those that are important to consumers and are the basis for making a purchase decision).
2. Positioning by price/quality:Marketers often use price/quality characteristics to position their brands. One way they do it is with ads that reflect the image of a high-quality brand where cost, while not irrelevant, is considered secondary to the quality benefits derived from using the brand. Premium brands positioned at the high end of the market use this approach for positioning the product.
Another way to use price/quality characteristics for positioning is to focus on the quality or value offered by the brand at a very competitive price. Although price is an important consideration, the product quality must be comparable to, or even better than, competing brands for the positioning strategy to be effective
Parle Bisleri — ‘Bada Bisleri, same price ‘ad campaign.
3. Positioning by use or application:Another way is to communicate a specific image or position for a brand to associate it with a specific use or application. Surf Excel is positioned as stain remover ‘Surf Excel haina!’ Also, Clinic All Clear – ‘Dare to wear black’.
4. Positioning by product class:Often the competition for a particular product comes from outside the product class. For example, airlines know that while they compete with other airlines, trains and buses are also viable alternatives. Manufacturers of music CDs must compete with the cassette industry. The product is positioned against others that, while not exactly the same, provide the same class of benefits.
5. Positioning by product user:Positioning a product by associating it with a particular user or group of users is yet another approach. Motography Motorola Mobile, in this ad the persona of the user of the product has been positioned.
6. Positioning by competitor:Competitors may be as important to positioning strategy as a firm’s own product or services. In today’s market, an effective positioning strategy for a product or brand may focus on specific competitors.
This approach is similar to positioning by product class, although the competition is within the same product category in this case. Onida was positioned against the giants in the television industry through this strategy. Onida color TV was launched with the message that all others were clones and only Onida was the leader— ‘Neighbors envy, owner’s pride’.